What is balloon frame construction

What Is Balloon Frame Construction?

The Balloon frame was a popular form of timber structure used to build houses in the United States and Canada from the late 19th to mid-20th centuries. It is often associated with the style of Queen Anne.

This construction was popular back in the days of long timbers, but gradually each floor was constructed with floor-to-ceiling panels and replaced with a floor timber-framed foundation that served as the base for the next one.


Balloon Frame Construction


Balloon frame construction consists of a wooden structure, and ligaments holding the structure together. In balloon framing, vertical studs connect the entire height of the building from foundation slabs to rafters, as opposed to a platform frame where each floor is framed separately. The balloon framing system replaces heavy beams and columns with dozens of long continuous framing posts, running from the building floor to the top of the building, and uses intermediate inserts to allow horizontal elements to pass through. These are connected to create windows, doors, and openings that differ from the other floors of the building.


Balloon Frame Construction vs. Platform Frame Construction


Balloon frames were one of the first wooden construction methods. A lightweight timber frame is built around the columns that run continuously from the bottom to the top floor of the building. The roof is a truss structure consisting of slopping rafters and ceiling joists.

The platform frame is a more modern construction approach. It uses the panels/plates to extend the building upwards. The connecting rods of each tier is placed on the top of the tier below.

However, the main difference between the balloon frame and platform frame is that the columns of the balloon frame run from the foundation to the rafters whereas the columns of the platform frame are located independently on each floor.


Advantages Of Balloon Frame Construction


Balloon frame construction is useful in situations where a vaulted ceiling, large fireplace, or two-tier open fireplace is required. You will also have more flexibility in your window design. This method makes it easier to obtain a curved window covering. Large or arched windows are also possible in this structure than platform frame construction. This method creates a more resilient structure as the wall frame lasts longer. As a result, this means the building is better able to withstand high-speed winds or gusts of wind. You can increase fire safety by installing power poles in the wall, especially in residential areas on each floor.


Disadvantages Of Balloon Frame Construction


The two main disadvantages of balloon frame construction are that the long studs are less efficient to install than the short studs used in the platform frame construction, and the continuous space between the studs acts like a fire chimney without a fire stop.

The platform frame construction will be more profitable and easier to build. However, since vertical shrinkage of the frame is minimal, this method can be used in situations where cracking of finishes such as plaster is a concern.


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What Is Post Frame Construction

What Is Post Frame Construction?

Post Frame Construction is a wooden frame system fabricated with widely spaced supporting columns. These buildings have many advantages that make them ideal for commercial buildings, and warehouses. The advantages of post frames include cost-effectiveness, energy efficiency, strength, durability, and flexibility of the structure. Here is a detailed description of post frame construction and some reasons to consider building post frames for your next construction project.

Post Frame

Post Frame Construction is a wooden frame structure system, consist of large wooden supports or multi-story columns that are used instead of steel, concrete, or wooden studs. It transfers the load to the ground or surface mounted on a concrete or masonry foundation and provides additional protection for wood columns using the plastic barrier system. A post frame is a construction method that uses columns as a frame. It’s the simplified you see in warehouses. This architectural style uses massive columns buried in the ground. This provides solid vertical support for the structure.

Buildings with post-frame columns can reduce the cost of heating and cooling the home over the entire life of the building. The frame building can accommodate any type of exterior facade that can be designed with the highest standards of quality and aesthetics. Post frame construction is an efficient and economical option for low-rise buildings and is currently the preferred construction method for many commercial, industrial, urban, residential, religious, and agricultural projects.

Post Location – In-Ground vs. Above Ground

In-ground post frame construction is the standard method for most projects. In this installation, the pressure-treated structural supports are embedded in the soil and embedded in the concrete. This installation does not require a concrete slab, but this is the preferred building structure.

Above-ground post frame construction options are also offered, considering geographical conditions such as a high-water table, subsoil, or criteria of highly engineered seismic. Other reasons to choose this method include coating type or personal preference. In this installation, struts are attached to a concrete slab, and struts are added to the building for horizontal stability.

Is Post Frame Construction Right for Residential Buildings?

Post frame construction is a projection timber frame structure system, this building structure builds faster than others. This interlocking frame system can withstand higher loads than bar frame structures. Therefore, fewer construction materials are needed, saving additional time, labor, and material costs.

The walls of the framed building have more recesses because the columns are apart from each other in the vertical (8 feet). This provides enough space for insulation. This reduces heating and cooling costs. In other words, your building can be designed with the highest standards of quality and aesthetics. Overall, the post frame construction is a cost & energy-effective option for low-rise buildings. Popular project profiles include agricultural, commercial, residential, and equine.

Key Benefits of a Post Frame Building

Let’s look at the top advantages of this type of structure and why post frame construction is such a popular choice.

Affordability

The efficient yet simple design of the basic frame structure requires fewer materials and allows for easier and quicker construction. This can reduce material costs and reduce those costs if contractors are hired. The post frame construction is placed directly into the ground with little or no foundation cost. This means no continuous pouring of concrete, saving time and money during construction.

Flexibility

Post Frame buildings allow support columns to be spaced 6 to 8 feet apart, so unlike frame walls, additional doors and windows can be added later, without creating problems and additional costs when adding new openings. Post frame construction also offers a variety of exterior options beyond steel, including block, lumber, brick, and vinyl.

Quick assembly

Building post frame structure takes more time than other building structures. Depending on the property’s destination, it can take up to a month. Something like a garage, condo, or larger commercial space.

Strength & Durability

While not all post frame construction is created equal, they are designed and engineered to provide true structural integrity for every component. We can handle every part of the construction process, from concept to design and construction. This ongoing approach helps the process go more smoothly. This reduces the risk and reduces headaches. Above all, it ensures that everyone is working on the same page, with the same concern for quality and the same attention to detail.

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What is timber frame construction

What is Timber Framing?

Lumber outlined homes and augmentations use boards worked out of wood studwork. At their generally essential, wood outline dividers comprise of lumber studwork fixed set up (ordinarily) with OSB or compressed wood. The strength and unbending nature are provided by the board, which, when nailed to the studwork, spreads the word about an exceptionally inflexible box as an open board – the board is ‘shut’ whenever protection has been presented. The edge is wrapped remotely in a waterproof hindrance prior to cladding is added. Read this post about “What is timber framing?”

Various Methods of Timber Framing

A wood outlined home can be based nearby; this technique for development is known as ‘stick fabricate’. This strategy is regularly utilized for expansions, where it is hard to get precise assembling aspects until the current design is uncovered. (This strategy is normal in the US, as well.)

Notwithstanding, in the UK, wood outline homes are normally underlying a production line and afterward quickly gathered nearby. Processing plant construction is by a wide margin the most well-known course picked by self-developers, as producers need to work to severe quality control strategies, guaranteeing the right particular of materials are utilized and a serious level of dimensional exactness is accomplished

In any case, in the UK, wood outline homes are generally inherent a processing plant and afterward quickly collected nearby. Processing plant construction is by a long shot the most well-known course picked by self-developers, as makers need to work to severe quality control techniques, guaranteeing the right determination of materials are utilized and a serious level of dimensional precision is accomplished

Wood outline development utilizes pre-created (off-site fabricate) outer and inner stud dividers, floor joists, and rooftop brackets to shape the super-structure which is a finished primary edge that moves the vertical and level burdens to the establishments. The lumber outline design would then be able to be clad in the block, wood, fiber concrete board, delivered or tiled which will go about as the embellishment for the home just as climate insurance. The outside cladding would be introduced nearby. The forming cycle is displayed in the pictures beneath which individually portray…

  1. Ground floor open board wood outlines
  2. First-floor lumber outline boards are introduced once joists and deck fixed
  3. First-floor joists introduced to the highest point of the ground floorboards
  4. Inside view from the first floor to rooftop supports
  5. Traditional green oak area to the ground floor to make coated single-story augmentation
  6. Finished wood outline house provided and fitted by Vision Development

Floor to roof tallness boards structure every story and the floor deck of one story likewise goes about as the erection foundation of the following. This is displayed in the photos underneath which separately portray…

  1. Posi metal web joists produced and introduced by Vision Development
  2. 22mm chipboard flooring fitted to the highest point of joists to make first-floor level
  3. Internal first floorboards fitted to sole plates on chipboard deck to make inward dividers
  4. Most wood outline developments in the UK utilize pre-assembled boards created by expert organizations like Vision Development. Industrial facility creation of these lumber outline boards guarantees that they are precisely produced to exact resilience’s in a controlled manufacturing plant climate rather than being developed outside on a structure site helpless before the climate.
  5. The lumber outline boards are quickly raised nearby and, with a rooftop structure shaped from supported rafters (reliant upon plan) a climate confirmation building can be made in only a couple of days. This empowers work to proceed in protected conditions inside the structure while the external cladding and rooftop complete are applied. This saves time as well as permits adornment to be done before long fulfillment of the development without the hazard of breaking and disintegration of completions.

Wood outline development isn’t only for houses – it is additionally utilized broadly for schools, inns, workplaces, squares of pads, and donning offices. Lumber outline development can be utilized for structures of up to eight stories in tallness. With the expansion in a combination of lumber and (metal web posi joists and primary pillars) bigger ranges are attainable with link/pipe available floors for first fix administrations. Lumber outline divider boards are comprised of softwood vertical studs and even rails with a wood-based board sheathing and a plasterboard lining. The upward studs bear loads through the construction to the establishments. The sheathing gives protection from wind. Warm protection materials are generally joined in the spaces between the studs of outside dividers. For more data see Insulating Materials.

Contingent upon the plan of the divider, defensive film materials may likewise be required. For most outer dividers a breather layer on the outside substance of the boards secures the boards during development. This breather film additionally gives additional protection against any wind-driven downpour that might infiltrate the finished outer cladding. A fume control layer is normally needed on the inward side of the protection, behind the plasterboard lining, to forestall water fume entering the divider board. If it’s not too much trouble, read more data on these materials here Insulating Materials.

The divider boards are generally intended to consolidate ducting for administrations. Lumber outline boards can both be fabricated and provided as Closed Panels or Open Panel Systems. The advantageous help void is available in the two frameworks. The open board framework is produced off-site so that once collected nearby, the primary fix administrations can finish their works, and afterward, the divider board can be secured and plaster-boarded. The shut board has the assistance void previously fused inside the board just as Fermacell Board which replaces the requirement for plasterboard.

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What is timber frame construction

What Is Timber Frame Construction?

Timber framing is beautifully & carefully designed, these homes are also adaptable, energy-efficient, and durable. Timber frame construction in most subcontinents of the world can refer to any frame system that uses wood modules.

In this blog, we cover everything you need to know about how modern houses are designed to meet traditional expertise.

  • What is Timber Framing?
  • Main Difference Between Timber Framing & Post-and-Beam
  • Terminologies of Timber Frame
  • Benefits of installing SIP panels in Timber home
  • Benefits of Timber Framing
  • Different Truss Styles for Timber Frame Home

What is Timber Framing?

Timber frame construction is a special version of posts & beams that relies strongly on manual labor to form wood and tenon holes and not on fashion woodcraft holding with wooden dowels. A Timber Frame house is a type of house that uses a frame structure of large posts & beams connected by pegs or other types of decorative wood.

Its embellishments include bevels, pendants, and other decorative carvings. The interlock frame configuration excludes the need for load-bearing interior walls. And allows for open space and, if it is desired, then vaulted ceilings.


Main Difference Between Timber Framing & Post-and-Beam

Houses made up of Post-and-Beam, use metal fasteners, which are usually hidden after the timber or usually facing inward. On the other hand, Timber frames only use wooden dowels to lock the frame joints. Whether you opt for Post & beam Or Timber framing, this defines the overall home interior look.


Terminologies of Timber Frame

Timber framing has its language and term, below is a list of commonly used terminology for Timber Framing:

Timber: Large wooden pieces that define the overall structural look of the House.

Posts: Main vertical beams that make the wooden structure.

Crossbeams: Provide stability, by joining the Post beams.

Joints: When two-beam pieces meet to connect.

Truss: Rigid triangle, offers a floor area without encountering columns and is often integrated into the floors above.

Hybrid: combines traditional methods & styles of post and beam & timber framing, to save you money and to add visual appeal to a home.

SIPs: Structural Insulation Panels covers wooden structures, having a thick filling of insulating foam layer cover up with two flat wood layers.


Benefits Of Installing SIP Panels In Timber Home

Below are the three benefits of installing SIPs Panels in Timber Home:

Flexible

SIPs can come at sites (where the house is building) in large generic panel bundles cut by builders. To fit specific house plans for the floor. Panels resulting in less wasted material and resources. By cutting exactly to the factory design by the manufacturer and then add up for easy installation.

Efficient

SIP can achieve energy performance of the entire wall by 40%-60%. It can reduce the cost of heating and cooling, by comparing to products used for conventional STICK construction.

SoundProof

SIP control over the sound generation, especially in, and media rooms, bedrooms, home offices & workspaces.


Benefits of Timber Framing

Moreover, the timber frames provide structural reliability in case of fire damage. As large wood supports withstand complete combustion better than the thin woodcuts that make up traditional building structures. Timber frame house can take on the decorative Victorian style, the relaxed or rural mountain style. The more classic earthy New England home feel, or can take in-between style.

Timber structures benefit from stability unmatched by houses of conventional construction. To the aesthetics of uncovered Timber and visible floor plans.


Different Truss Styles for Timber Frame Home

The triangle is the simplest form of Truss, but its use is limited to small buildings. Adding a center post in the middle will give you more reach. Here’s what you need to know about the different styles of truss:

Queen Post

It can span to 30 feet distance or sometimes more. Lowers the height of the ceiling for a more relaxed visual feel. And comes with a more open area in the center.

King Post

It is a cost-effective style, creates a comfortable feel, and offers a durable strong appearance.

Hammer Beam

It comes with cathedral quality, offers enhanced embellishments with curved space.

Scissor

It can create visually appealing narrow cottage space, perfect to create uniqueness and sharp roof pitches.


Conclusion:

A Timber frame house is a complete structure made up of vertical posts and horizontal beams to form a cross-section. Other members provide support, reinforcement, and structure on the farm. The way it is constructed allows the exterior of the house to sit comfortably against the frame of the house. Due to the complexity of design & structure, it is better to hire someone very professional and experienced, rather than doing yourself.


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What is Frame Construction

What is Frame Construction: Types and Components?

Frame construction is a building technique that involves creating a supportive framework of studs, beams, and timbers and connecting everything else to this framework. This building style can be achieved very quickly with an experienced crew, and it is common around the world.

The process of frame construction begins with building up a sill on the ground. Long framings connect to the sill at set intervals to build a system that can be connected to the beams and rafters that make up the roof or extra stories. Actually, frame construction creates a skeleton, and a fast crew can construct a house fast. After the frame is complete, other features can be attached. The structure becomes more stable as stiff flooring and walls are added, creating extra support and resistance to the elements.


Classifications Of Frame Construction


Frame construction is classified into the following categories that are;

1) Timber Framing

Timber framing includes fitting large columns and beams and joining them with wooden pegs, which was common in the 18th and 19th centuries. In timber framing, contractors work with logs and trees instead of lumber pre-cut to regular dimensions. This framing style fell out of practice because timbers were hewing, and the surfacing of machine-sawn lumber allowed builders to construct homes more quickly with standard-sized logs.

2) Balloon Framing

In the 18th century, balloon framing became popular. This method includes using long, vertical studs that reach from the sill on top of the ground up to the roof, which is fastened by nails instead of wooden pegs. In balloon framing, a singular stud can run up to 25-30 feet. The difficulty with using consecutive studs is the fire hazard; without breaks in the studs, a fire that excites low in the house can suddenly shoot up to the top, destroying the structure to the ground.

3) Platform Framing

The current framing technique in modern construction is platform framing, in which each story is framed on top of the former one. Platform framing is a lightweight construction type for roof, wall, and floor plans.

Contractors will frame in one-story floors of typically 8-9-foot-high stud walls placing on a subfloor. This method can be used for one or two-story buildings and has become the norm among modern contractors because:

  • Platform framing uses shorter pieces of lumber than previous methods, like balloon framing, which is a benefit because longer studs are more difficult to reach and more costly.
  • The breaks in the studs from level to level form firebreaks.
  • It requires less labor (fewer construction costs)

4) Post and Beam Construction

Post and beam construction is a construction method that relies on heavy timbers rather than lumber. In early Asian construction, the use of post and beam construction methods has expanded across the World. Posts and beam structures constructed during ancient times are still standing as an example of well-crafted durability. As the result of natural disasters like typhoons and earthquakes, post and beam buildings are usually the only structures that outlast erect.

Post and beam structures can be erected comparatively fast due to their deficiency of load-bearing walls. With fewer restrictions on structural elements, post and beam construction allows itself to extremely customizable floor plans, such as windows, doors, and horse stalls can be added anywhere the owner sees fit. This method of construction is relatively rare, likely a result of high material expenses and a lack of knowledge by builders.

5) Structural Steel Frame Construction

The steel frame consists of a vertical column and horizontal beams that are nailed, bolted or joined together in a rectilinear framework. Steel beams are horizontal members that oppose loads applied parallel to their axis. Columns are vertical members that transfer compressive loads. Structural steel framing is a long-lasting, strong, affordable choice for low-rise, mid-rise, and high-rise construction projects.


Components of Frame Construction


Components Of Frame Construction

Here are common framing components you will use in each section of the building:


1) Floor


  • Joists:

Joists are horizontal structural members used in framing to traverse an open space, usually between beams that transfer loads to vertical members. When joined into a floor framing method, joists assist to provide stiffness to the subfloor, letting it work like a horizontal diaphragm. They usually doubled or tripled, laid side by side, where conditions warrant.

  • Truss:

Truss is consisting of two is truncated lumber, used in modern roof construction. A metal plate attached wood truss is a floor truss whose wood members are connected.

  • Sheathing:

Floor sheathing, usually known as the sub-floor, is a fundamental panel that is attached to the floor construction. It transfers the loads from above to the floor joists below.


2) Walls


Interior walls divide into two sections:

  • Load-bearing
  • Non-load bearing

A load barring wall carries a load from above, such as an extra story or a roof. A non-load bearing, or a partition wall, is built independently from the central load-bearing structure. It works as a divider but holds no weight. In-wall following frame components are used;

  • Sill:

This part of lumber attaches the house to the ground. The first-story frame is mounted on top of the sill plates and consists of joists, which traverse the foundation walls.

  • Top and bottom plates:

The top plate is a piece of timber that supports the roof and ceiling. The bottom plate is a section of timber that rests on the floor and makes the bottom of the wall except at door openings.

  • Studs:

Studs are framing elements that run among the top and bottom plates. They are normally spaced 15 or 24 inches apart and are the most basic components of the wall panel.

  • Sheathing:

Wall sheathing reinforces the walls by fastening the studs together. Moreover, Contractors commonly use wall panels such as reinforced cement boards, or gypsum. Builders secure the sheathing to the frame, then made openings for the windows and doors.


3) Roof


  • Rafters:

These structural elements run from the elevation of the roof to the wall plate of the wall. The construction method that normally uses rafter roof construction is known as stick framing.

  • Trusses:

A truss is a wooden structure that is prefabricated in a kind of grid shape of beams. The shape is meant to divide the weight of a roof over a broad area. Trusses can be using shorter, less expensive lengths of wood.

  • Decking:

The roof decking is the part of the roof construction that lies on top of the trusses and gives the deck the weatherproofing layer.


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What Is Commercial Construction

What Is Commercial Construction?

Before going ahead with commercial construction, one should know the other types of construction too. There are four important types of construction. Here are these:

Residential Building

All those buildings, where we live, are known as residential buildings. For example, residential buildings include flats and houses.

Institutional And Commercial Buildings

Examples of commercial buildings are schools, hospitals, shopping centers, retail stores, sports arenas, stadiums, and others where we can do business.

Specialized Industrial Construction

This category of construction requires special skills and a high level of specialization. This construction includes oil refineries, nuclear power plants, and hydroelectric power plants etcetera.

Infrastructure And Heavy Construction.

These heavy constructions are done for the public interest. However, most government agencies manage these projects. For example, railway constructions, roads, tunnels, bridges, highways, pipelines, and drainage systems.

Among all these types of construction, this article is concerned only with commercial constructions. As mentioned above commercial constructions are concerned with retail stores, schools, colleges, universities, shopping centers, stadiums, hospitals, sports arenas, and etcetera.

In this project, we need to cover two things. The first one is to give a new look and put up a new structure. And then, we have to take care of the pre-existing structures too. While construction, the constructors have to make sure to make and repair all the preexisting structures.

Private owners and companies pay for small projects like retail stores. However, when it comes to large projects like stadiums, schools, and hospitals, both local and national governments pay for that.

Being A Contractor What Can You Do To Have A Contract?

Being A Contractor What Can You Do To Have A Contract

Being a contractor, it is not easy to get included in a big contract. Bigger the contract, the more difficult it is to get into it. Whenever a big project comes.

Before starting construction, the contractors and developers submit proposal bids to compete with other contractors in the area. In this proposal, they have to mention an accurate plan and complete details about that plan.

So that he can win the project. But for winning the project your proposal should be better than your competitors’ proposal. For this, you have to prepare the proposal wisely.

You have to mention the budget, size, and scope of the project. So that one can calculate the estimated money to complete the project. From breaking of ground to completing the build. To make a better and cost-efficient project plan, value engineering can also be used.

Process Of Commercial Construction

Process Of Commercial Construction

Development

Firstly, you have to figure out what the needs of your clients are and what they want. So that you can prepare a rough estimate of how much the project will cost.

It is not possible to make an accurate estimation of the project in the very beginning. However, you should prepare a securing budget for the project.

Design

When you are done with preparing a satisfying budget then you have to prepare a model to show your client. The model would exactly show how the structure would look. You can move on only when your client is happy and satisfied with your design.

That’s why it’s important to have good communication with your clients. Along with it, generally, the workers in commercial construction need to keep good communication with their clients.

Construction

After starting the construction, firstly you have to make a proper schedule of workers. However, the schedule and the budget of the project should remain in your control throughout the construction.

And you should have to mention the schedule and budget to your client too. Because if your client needs to change the design then it may affect the schedule and budget too.

Finished Product

When you are about to end the project, before completing it. Ask your client to come and inspect the building properly. So that if he needs any change or wants something extra then you can do that before finalizing it.

Moreover, when your client confirms that he does not want any change. And he is satisfied with your work. Then make sure to settle all the logistics and complete all the documentation. When you are done with all the documents and paperwork. Then you can officially complete and finalize the project.

Conclusion:

Commercial construction is a vast field that requires qualifications, skills, and experience. However, no type of construction is easy. But when you are dealing with some bigger projects you may need more skills.

Commercial contractors should make a proper plan before starting the projects. Because in such projects mostly the budget goes out of your control. So, it is better to make a proper plan before starting the project. And work according to it throughout the project.

While working on a commercial project. You should satisfy your client with designing, renovating, and constructing skills. Well, all these things need the experience to give satisfying results. Contact J Ray Construction for more!