What is timber frame construction

What Is Timber Frame Construction?

Timber framing is beautifully & carefully designed, these homes are also adaptable, energy-efficient, and durable. Timber frame construction in most subcontinents of the world can refer to any frame system that uses wood modules.

In this blog, we cover everything you need to know about how modern houses are designed to meet traditional expertise.

  • What is Timber Framing?
  • Main Difference Between Timber Framing & Post-and-Beam
  • Terminologies of Timber Frame
  • Benefits of installing SIP panels in Timber home
  • Benefits of Timber Framing
  • Different Truss Styles for Timber Frame Home

What is Timber Framing?

Timber frame construction is a special version of posts & beams that relies strongly on manual labor to form wood and tenon holes and not on fashion woodcraft holding with wooden dowels. A Timber Frame house is a type of house that uses a frame structure of large posts & beams connected by pegs or other types of decorative wood.

Its embellishments include bevels, pendants, and other decorative carvings. The interlock frame configuration excludes the need for load-bearing interior walls. And allows for open space and, if it is desired, then vaulted ceilings.

Main Difference Between Timber Framing & Post-and-Beam

Houses made up of Post-and-Beam, use metal fasteners, which are usually hidden after the timber or usually facing inward. On the other hand, Timber frames only use wooden dowels to lock the frame joints. Whether you opt for Post & beam Or Timber framing, this defines the overall home interior look.

Terminologies of Timber Frame

Timber framing has its language and term, below is a list of commonly used terminology for Timber Framing:

Timber: Large wooden pieces that define the overall structural look of the House.

Posts: Main vertical beams that make the wooden structure.

Crossbeams: Provide stability, by joining the Post beams.

Joints: When two-beam pieces meet to connect.

Truss: Rigid triangle, offers a floor area without encountering columns and is often integrated into the floors above.

Hybrid: combines traditional methods & styles of post and beam & timber framing, to save you money and to add visual appeal to a home.

SIPs: Structural Insulation Panels covers wooden structures, having a thick filling of insulating foam layer cover up with two flat wood layers.

Benefits Of Installing SIP Panels In Timber Home

Below are the three benefits of installing SIPs Panels in Timber Home:


SIPs can come at sites (where the house is building) in large generic panel bundles cut by builders. To fit specific house plans for the floor. Panels resulting in less wasted material and resources. By cutting exactly to the factory design by the manufacturer and then add up for easy installation.


SIP can achieve energy performance of the entire wall by 40%-60%. It can reduce the cost of heating and cooling, by comparing to products used for conventional STICK construction.


SIP control over the sound generation, especially in, and media rooms, bedrooms, home offices & workspaces.

Benefits of Timber Framing

Moreover, the timber frames provide structural reliability in case of fire damage. As large wood supports withstand complete combustion better than the thin woodcuts that make up traditional building structures. Timber frame house can take on the decorative Victorian style, the relaxed or rural mountain style. The more classic earthy New England home feel, or can take in-between style.

Timber structures benefit from stability unmatched by houses of conventional construction. To the aesthetics of uncovered Timber and visible floor plans.

Different Truss Styles for Timber Frame Home

The triangle is the simplest form of Truss, but its use is limited to small buildings. Adding a center post in the middle will give you more reach. Here’s what you need to know about the different styles of truss:

Queen Post

It can span to 30 feet distance or sometimes more. Lowers the height of the ceiling for a more relaxed visual feel. And comes with a more open area in the center.

King Post

It is a cost-effective style, creates a comfortable feel, and offers a durable strong appearance.

Hammer Beam

It comes with cathedral quality, offers enhanced embellishments with curved space.


It can create visually appealing narrow cottage space, perfect to create uniqueness and sharp roof pitches.


A Timber frame house is a complete structure made up of vertical posts and horizontal beams to form a cross-section. Other members provide support, reinforcement, and structure on the farm. The way it is constructed allows the exterior of the house to sit comfortably against the frame of the house. Due to the complexity of design & structure, it is better to hire someone very professional and experienced, rather than doing yourself.

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What is Frame Construction

What is Frame Construction: Types and Components?

Frame construction is a building technique that involves creating a supportive framework of studs, beams, and timbers and connecting everything else to this framework. This building style can be achieved very quickly with an experienced crew, and it is common around the world.

The process of frame construction begins with building up a sill on the ground. Long framings connect to the sill at set intervals to build a system that can be connected to the beams and rafters that make up the roof or extra stories. Actually, frame construction creates a skeleton, and a fast crew can construct a house fast. After the frame is complete, other features can be attached. The structure becomes more stable as stiff flooring and walls are added, creating extra support and resistance to the elements.

Classifications Of Frame Construction

Frame construction is classified into the following categories that are;

1) Timber Framing

Timber framing includes fitting large columns and beams and joining them with wooden pegs, which was common in the 18th and 19th centuries. In timber framing, contractors work with logs and trees instead of lumber pre-cut to regular dimensions. This framing style fell out of practice because timbers were hewing, and the surfacing of machine-sawn lumber allowed builders to construct homes more quickly with standard-sized logs.

2) Balloon Framing

In the 18th century, balloon framing became popular. This method includes using long, vertical studs that reach from the sill on top of the ground up to the roof, which is fastened by nails instead of wooden pegs. In balloon framing, a singular stud can run up to 25-30 feet. The difficulty with using consecutive studs is the fire hazard; without breaks in the studs, a fire that excites low in the house can suddenly shoot up to the top, destroying the structure to the ground.

3) Platform Framing

The current framing technique in modern construction is platform framing, in which each story is framed on top of the former one. Platform framing is a lightweight construction type for roof, wall, and floor plans.

Contractors will frame in one-story floors of typically 8-9-foot-high stud walls placing on a subfloor. This method can be used for one or two-story buildings and has become the norm among modern contractors because:

  • Platform framing uses shorter pieces of lumber than previous methods, like balloon framing, which is a benefit because longer studs are more difficult to reach and more costly.
  • The breaks in the studs from level to level form firebreaks.
  • It requires less labor (fewer construction costs)

4) Post and Beam Construction

Post and beam construction is a construction method that relies on heavy timbers rather than lumber. In early Asian construction, the use of post and beam construction methods has expanded across the World. Posts and beam structures constructed during ancient times are still standing as an example of well-crafted durability. As the result of natural disasters like typhoons and earthquakes, post and beam buildings are usually the only structures that outlast erect.

Post and beam structures can be erected comparatively fast due to their deficiency of load-bearing walls. With fewer restrictions on structural elements, post and beam construction allows itself to extremely customizable floor plans, such as windows, doors, and horse stalls can be added anywhere the owner sees fit. This method of construction is relatively rare, likely a result of high material expenses and a lack of knowledge by builders.

5) Structural Steel Frame Construction

The steel frame consists of a vertical column and horizontal beams that are nailed, bolted or joined together in a rectilinear framework. Steel beams are horizontal members that oppose loads applied parallel to their axis. Columns are vertical members that transfer compressive loads. Structural steel framing is a long-lasting, strong, affordable choice for low-rise, mid-rise, and high-rise construction projects.

Components of Frame Construction

Components Of Frame Construction

Here are common framing components you will use in each section of the building:

1) Floor

  • Joists:

Joists are horizontal structural members used in framing to traverse an open space, usually between beams that transfer loads to vertical members. When joined into a floor framing method, joists assist to provide stiffness to the subfloor, letting it work like a horizontal diaphragm. They usually doubled or tripled, laid side by side, where conditions warrant.

  • Truss:

Truss is consisting of two is truncated lumber, used in modern roof construction. A metal plate attached wood truss is a floor truss whose wood members are connected.

  • Sheathing:

Floor sheathing, usually known as the sub-floor, is a fundamental panel that is attached to the floor construction. It transfers the loads from above to the floor joists below.

2) Walls

Interior walls divide into two sections:

  • Load-bearing
  • Non-load bearing

A load barring wall carries a load from above, such as an extra story or a roof. A non-load bearing, or a partition wall, is built independently from the central load-bearing structure. It works as a divider but holds no weight. In-wall following frame components are used;

  • Sill:

This part of lumber attaches the house to the ground. The first-story frame is mounted on top of the sill plates and consists of joists, which traverse the foundation walls.

  • Top and bottom plates:

The top plate is a piece of timber that supports the roof and ceiling. The bottom plate is a section of timber that rests on the floor and makes the bottom of the wall except at door openings.

  • Studs:

Studs are framing elements that run among the top and bottom plates. They are normally spaced 15 or 24 inches apart and are the most basic components of the wall panel.

  • Sheathing:

Wall sheathing reinforces the walls by fastening the studs together. Moreover, Contractors commonly use wall panels such as reinforced cement boards, or gypsum. Builders secure the sheathing to the frame, then made openings for the windows and doors.

3) Roof

  • Rafters:

These structural elements run from the elevation of the roof to the wall plate of the wall. The construction method that normally uses rafter roof construction is known as stick framing.

  • Trusses:

A truss is a wooden structure that is prefabricated in a kind of grid shape of beams. The shape is meant to divide the weight of a roof over a broad area. Trusses can be using shorter, less expensive lengths of wood.

  • Decking:

The roof decking is the part of the roof construction that lies on top of the trusses and gives the deck the weatherproofing layer.

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What Is Commercial Construction

What Is Commercial Construction?

Before going ahead with commercial construction, one should know the other types of construction too. There are four important types of construction. Here are these:

Residential Building

All those buildings, where we live, are known as residential buildings. For example, residential buildings include flats and houses.

Institutional And Commercial Buildings

Examples of commercial buildings are schools, hospitals, shopping centers, retail stores, sports arenas, stadiums, and others where we can do business.

Specialized Industrial Construction

This category of construction requires special skills and a high level of specialization. This construction includes oil refineries, nuclear power plants, and hydroelectric power plants etcetera.

Infrastructure And Heavy Construction.

These heavy constructions are done for the public interest. However, most government agencies manage these projects. For example, railway constructions, roads, tunnels, bridges, highways, pipelines, and drainage systems.

Among all these types of construction, this article is concerned only with commercial constructions. As mentioned above commercial constructions are concerned with retail stores, schools, colleges, universities, shopping centers, stadiums, hospitals, sports arenas, and etcetera.

In this project, we need to cover two things. The first one is to give a new look and put up a new structure. And then, we have to take care of the pre-existing structures too. While construction, the constructors have to make sure to make and repair all the preexisting structures.

Private owners and companies pay for small projects like retail stores. However, when it comes to large projects like stadiums, schools, and hospitals, both local and national governments pay for that.

Being A Contractor What Can You Do To Have A Contract?

Being A Contractor What Can You Do To Have A Contract

Being a contractor, it is not easy to get included in a big contract. Bigger the contract, the more difficult it is to get into it. Whenever a big project comes.

Before starting construction, the contractors and developers submit proposal bids to compete with other contractors in the area. In this proposal, they have to mention an accurate plan and complete details about that plan.

So that he can win the project. But for winning the project your proposal should be better than your competitors’ proposal. For this, you have to prepare the proposal wisely.

You have to mention the budget, size, and scope of the project. So that one can calculate the estimated money to complete the project. From breaking of ground to completing the build. To make a better and cost-efficient project plan, value engineering can also be used.

Process Of Commercial Construction

Process Of Commercial Construction


Firstly, you have to figure out what the needs of your clients are and what they want. So that you can prepare a rough estimate of how much the project will cost.

It is not possible to make an accurate estimation of the project in the very beginning. However, you should prepare a securing budget for the project.


When you are done with preparing a satisfying budget then you have to prepare a model to show your client. The model would exactly show how the structure would look. You can move on only when your client is happy and satisfied with your design.

That’s why it’s important to have good communication with your clients. Along with it, generally, the workers in commercial construction need to keep good communication with their clients.


After starting the construction, firstly you have to make a proper schedule of workers. However, the schedule and the budget of the project should remain in your control throughout the construction.

And you should have to mention the schedule and budget to your client too. Because if your client needs to change the design then it may affect the schedule and budget too.

Finished Product

When you are about to end the project, before completing it. Ask your client to come and inspect the building properly. So that if he needs any change or wants something extra then you can do that before finalizing it.

Moreover, when your client confirms that he does not want any change. And he is satisfied with your work. Then make sure to settle all the logistics and complete all the documentation. When you are done with all the documents and paperwork. Then you can officially complete and finalize the project.


Commercial construction is a vast field that requires qualifications, skills, and experience. However, no type of construction is easy. But when you are dealing with some bigger projects you may need more skills.

Commercial contractors should make a proper plan before starting the projects. Because in such projects mostly the budget goes out of your control. So, it is better to make a proper plan before starting the project. And work according to it throughout the project.

While working on a commercial project. You should satisfy your client with designing, renovating, and constructing skills. Well, all these things need the experience to give satisfying results. Contact J Ray Construction for more!